A unified kingdom since the middle of the fourteenth century, Siam changed its name to Kingdom of Thailand in 1939. Located in southeast Asia, Thailand shares the natural border of Mekong River with Laos to the northeast and a mountainous border with Burma (Myanmar) to northwest. To the east are the Dongrak Mountains and Mekong River separating it from Cambodia.
The interior of the country is made up of Central Plains, also called the “Rice Bowl of Asia” due the sprawling rice fields fed by the Chao Phraya River. The region along Myanmar border is thickly forested mountains which continue rising as you go north, and peaking with Doi Inthanon at 8,415 ft. The area is overflowing with wildlife and faces some of the coldest winters in the country.
Thailand is the most popular tourist destination in Southeast Asia. This is because it has everything from thick jungles to pristine beaches with sparkling water. The country is well equipped with all the modern amenities yet retains it exotic charm. It has something for every income group.
Majority of the population is ethnic Thais with the remainder made up of Chinese, Indian, Malay, Burmese, Khmer and Lao. The climate of Thailand is mostly hot and humid. The country is divided into three main seasons typical of the tropics. There is the hot season, rainy and finally cool season. Visitors however can find pleasant weather in some part of the country throughout the year.
Capital City: Bankok (Krung Thep in Thai)
Area: 514, 000 sq km (200,000 sq miles)
Language: Thai (official), English (business)
Major Cities: Bangkok, Samut Prakan, Nonthaburi, Udon Thani, Nakhon Ratchasima
Currency: Baht (THB)