Namibia is a South African country along the Atlantic Ocean slightly more than half the size of Alaska (825,418 sq. km). The country is mainly desert and shares borders with Angola, Namibia, Botswana and South Africa. Namibia’s capital is Windhoek and the population is estimated to be 2 million.
Namibia: Climate and Landscape
The country terrain is mainly flat and the Namib Desert lies along the coast while the Kalahari is in the east. Namibia is among the countries with almost 300 days of sunshine annually and experiences erratic rainfall. Temperatures are mainly hot and dry all through the year.
Places to Visit in Namibia
Namibia has many beautiful sites to captivate its visitors including Dragons Breath, the world’s largest underground lake. Visitors can also get to explore the long Arnhem cave system. For game lovers, Namibia has the largest population of free roaming cheetah and is home to many rare desert species such as mountain Zebra and desert elephant among others.
Namibia: People and Language
English is the official language of Namibia though Afrikaans is much more widely spoken. Setswana and German are also widely used in Namibia. Other indigenous languages include Nama, Herero and Oshivambo.
Other Facts from Namibia
The deserts of Namibia have some unique fossil plants such as the Welwitschia Mirabilis with a lifespan as long as 2000 years. Namibia is among the first countries to incorporate environmental protection into its constitution the result of which 14% of Namibia is protected land. The entire Namib Desert is protected and is the oldest desert in the world. Namibia’s economy is mainly supported by mining which contributes almost 20% of the GDP. Among the natural resources mined, include copper, zinc, lead, uranium, petroleum, diamonds and cement.