The Falkland Islands are a British overseas department located in the South Atlantic Ocean. The archipelago is comprised of 778 islands, the largest ones being East and West Falkland. East Falkland is also home to the archipelago’s capital and largest city, Stanley. Other big cities include Goose Green Settlement and Port Howard. Approximately 3,000 people live in the Falkland Islands and most of them are of British descent.
Although the head of state is the Queen, a local governor is in charge of administration, who acts on recommendations given by the Executive Assembly. Since the war of ’82, when Argentina claimed the Islands, the United Kingdom consolidated its military presence in the region and also set up a Royal Air Force Station at Mount Pleasant.
The Falkland Islands are considered a transition area between the polar tundra climate and the maritime subarctic climate. Weather conditions and temperatures vary quite a lot, often throughout the course of a single day.
Whaling and sealing, which also represent the oldest economic activity on the island, are the main contributors to the region’s financial system. Other important economic activities include sheep farming, fishing, tourism, and the oil exploration industry. The Islands’ major exports are represented by wool, coins, and stamps. The local currency is the Falkland Islands Pound (FKP), which is fixed to and backed by the Pound Sterling (GBP).
The only official language in the region is English, which is spoken by the entire population. The residents are often referred to as “Islanders” or “Kelpers”.