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Mauritania is a North Western country thrice the size of Arizona. The country’s neighbours include Algerian and Mali on the East and Morocco to the North. Mauritania has a very long stretch of coastline on the Atlantic Ocean measuring over 350 miles. Much of Mauritania is desert with the exception of the fertile Senegal River valley. The population can be estimated to fall in the range of 3.5 million and her capital is known as Nouakchott.

Mauritanian Climate, Landscape and Wildlife

Mauritania is mainly desert with high temperatures reported during the day and cooler temperatures at night. The rainy season in the country runs from July to September and sometimes includes sand tornadoes. The months between April and September generally report high temperatures in the range of 40 degrees Celsius in months of May and June. The average annual temperature across Mauritania is in the range of 20 to 25 degrees Celsius. It is best to visit the country during winter in the months of November to February. In the summer between April and September, temperatures can be very high proving uncomfortable for travellers. Though the desert supports little wildlife, Mauritania has great beaches and wonderful eco tourism locations.

Mauritania People and Languages

Within Mauritania Hassaniy Arabic is the official language. However, French, Pulaar, Soninke and Wolof are recognised languages in use in the country. The country comprises three ethnicities namely mixed Maur/black, Maur and Blacks. The entire country is Islamic.

Other Facts from Mauritania

Mauritania gained independence in 1960. Historically the country was initially inhabited by blacks and Berbers. Its importance alludes from the fact that it was the centre of the Berber Almoravid movement, which sought to spread Islam in Western Africa. Poverty is relatively high in the country and almost 40% of the population live below the poverty line. One of the longest trains in the world is found in the country measuring almost 3 kilometres long. Its capital city Nouahchott is also fondly referred to as the “place of winds”. The tallest mountain in the country measures at 915m tall and is made almost entirely of iron ore(hematite).


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