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The United States of America is the third largest country after Canada and Russia and is made up of a collection of 50 states and a federal district, Washington, D.C. It sits on the North American continent and shares borders with Canada to the north and Mexico to the South. It also touches several bodies of water that include Pacific, Atlantic, and Arctic oceans, the Caribbean Sea, and the Gulf of Mexico.

Due to its huge size, United States has a very varied climate, but the general trend is that as you move towards the north of the country the temperature decreases. The country also has varied vegetation and everything from the mangrove stands in the Gulf of Mexico to tundra in northern Alaska can be seen. The middle of the country has grassy plains, and there are deserts in the Southwest. Twenty three percent of the country is forested. With such a wide range of plant life comes an extensive range of animal life too. A variety of mammals, amphibians, reptiles, birds and fish can be seen through the country. There is an abundant supply of natural resources and 20% of the world’s supply of coal.

The whole existence of the country is founded on the concept of immigration, thus you see a large ethnic diversity making it the true “melting pot” of the world.


The U.S. has one of the highest standards of living. While the economy was once agriculture based, industry is the driving force behind it now. It leads the world in yearly manufacturing with items like transportation machinery, industrial machinery, chemicals, and electronic equipment.

Fast Facts

Government:  Federal republic.

Capital:  Washington, DC,

Total area:  3,718,691 sq mi (9,631,420 sq km)

Largest cities:  New York, Los Angeles, Chicago, Houston, Philadelphia, Phoenix, San Antonio, San Diego, Dallas, San Jose,

Monetary unit:  Dollar

Languages:  English, Spanish,

Religion:  Protestant, Roman Catholic, Jewish, Muslim

Country Dialling Code:  +1

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