Canada is a North American country consisting of ten provinces and three territories. Located in the northern part of the continent, it extends from the Atlantic to the Pacific and northward into the Arctic Ocean. Canada is the world’s second-largest country by total area, and its common border with the United States is the world’s longest land border shared by the same two countries. There are more than 100 national parks and historic sites in Canada.
Canada has six time zones. In NFLD the time zone is 3 hours and 30 minutes past Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) The other time zones are full hours behind GMT. The farthest west is the Pacific at 8 hours behind GMT.
Canada is the second largest country in the world, covering almost 10 million square kms.Thus the weather in Canada varies dramatically depending on your location within the country. Winter temperatures fall below freezing in most of Canada but the South Western coast is relatively mild. Along the Arctic Circle the temperatures fall below freezing for around seven months of the year. During the summer the Southern provinces can have temperatures of over 86oF and high levels of humidity. Western and South-Eastern Canada have the most rainfall, while the Prairies are dry with 250 – 500 mm per year. See here for more information.
Major cities: Vancouver, Calgary, Ottawa, Toronto, Montreal, Halifax
Official Languages: English, French
Government: Canada is a federal state governed as a parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy, with Queen Elizabeth II as its head of state.
Monetary unit: Canadian Dollar ($) (CAD)
Main exports: Petroleum products, Vehicles, car parts & accessories, Aluminum products, Lumber
International dialling code: +1
Cost of Living in Canada
Mercer’s 2012 Cost of Living Survey ranks cities worldwide – 1st place being the most expensive. In Canada, Toronto and Vancouver are the most expensive cities ranked, at 61st and 63rd. See here for more information.
Compare the cost of living between two countries here.