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The topography of Romania can be divided into three equal parts. Roughly one third of the country is made up of the Carpathian Mountains; the second third is composed of hills and plateaus, while the final third is fertile plains mostly used for agriculture. Located in Central Europe, Romania borders with Hungary, Serbia, Bulgaria, Black Sea, Ukraine and the Republic of Moldova.

Nearly a quarter of the country is covered by forests and it possesses perhaps the richest fauna in Europe. Bears, deer, lynx, chamois and wolves are some of its inhabitants along with 33,792 other species of animals. The Danube River passes through and ends its long journey in the Black Sea.  

The mountains provide numerous outdoor activities such as river-rafting, biking, and hiking and several well known ski resorts are also located here. Romania is home to roughly 3,500 lakes. Glacial lakes located in the Carpathian Mountains were formed at the end of the last Ice Age and offer visitors an amazing view.

For a number of centuries Romania was known as the “bread basket of Europe” due to its agriculture based economy. In the mid 1900s development of heavy industry was started, but agriculture is still economically important and provides employment to roughly 30% of the workforce. Forestry and fisheries are also being developed and efforts are underway to turn the country into a market economy. 

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Fast Facts:

Government:    Republic

Monetary Unit:   Romanian Leu

Total area:   91,699 sq mi (237,500 sq km)

Ethnic Groups:    Romanian, Hungarian, Gipsy, & Ukrainian

Religion:    Christianity

Official Language:   Romanian

Climate:   Temperate, with four distinct seasons

 

 

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