Iceland sits in the North Atlantic, six hundred miles west of Norway and close to two hundred miles east of Greenland. While cultural affiliations are with Europe, only half of the country is on the European continent. The other half sits on the American plate, which is moving westwards at the rate of 1-2 cm annually.
Sulphuric springs, geothermal spas, strange moonscapes, astronomical phenomena, and amazing scenery coupled with a surprisingly mild weather are making it a popular tourist destination.
Iceland is one of the planets most volcanically active regions, with Mount Helka having erupted roughly sixteen times. Apparently that does not deter anyone from having a good time; it offers its visitors a nightlife that is better than any European city, with almost all pubs and clubs staying open until dawn.
Winters in Iceland are very cold but summers are relatively mild. Capital city of Reykjavik receives continuous daylight from the end of May to the start of August. The weather is very unpredictability and it is possible to see rain, snow, and sunshine all in the course of a day. Temperatures in July go up to 12° C.
The name of the capital city, Reykjavik means ‘Smoky Bay’. This is because of the natural boiling geysers and geothermal springs lying beneath the city. No fuels need to be used for heating in the city due to the energy provided by the boiling geysers, thus the environment is pollution free and clean.
Capital city: Reykjavík
Size: 103,000 sq. km (40,000 sq. miles)
Government: Parliamentary constitutional republic
Language: The official language is Icelandic
Religion: Lutheran State Church (Evangelical Lutheran)
Currency: Króna (plural krónur)
Country Code: +354