Conditions for foreign workers in Lithuania vary according to country of origin. To work legally in the country, almost all foreigners will need to get a work permit except citizens of EU/EEA and their immediate family members. Such permits are issued by the department of Labour Exchange functioning under the Ministry of Social Security and Labour and issuance of work permits is dependent upon the market needs. The number of permits issued can be increased if the market demands it and decreased when demand is low.
Employers hiring foreigners must first register the vacancy with labour exchange. The labour exchange must spend one month looking for a Lithuanian citizen who can fill the vacancy. If none is found, only then can the employer request for a work permit for a foreigner to be hired. The work permit is usually issued within two months of request and is valid for two years. The permits are job specific, so if you leave that job and get a different one, a new work permit will be required. Workers seeking seasonal jobs get permits that are valid for six months in given year.
Some duties of the labor exchange include monitoring the market labour trends, help registered jobseekers find jobs and find skilled labour for employers. This service is provided free of charge. There are 46 such exchanges throughout Lithuania, and it is recommended that job seekers register with them. They also have the latest information regarding educational opportunities, internships, vocational trainings and other work related issues.