The Armenian economy suffered a major blow when the 1988 earthquake destroyed a number of its truck, tire and electronics producing plants. Armenia’s other issue is its lack of fossil fuels. It has to import almost all of its energy needs. Due to this recovery has been slow, but the country is making progress with help of donors.
Currently it leading industries, hence employers include electronic motors, forging and pressing machines, knitted wear, chemicals, trucks, microelectronics, diamond cutting and polishing and manufacture of jewellery.
Armenia has a highly skilled labor force of its own, unemployment is high, and wages are low. Expatriates looking for professional work in Armenia will have limited luck and competition fierce. There is a large presence of international donors and NGOs in the country, but all their hiring is done abroad. Physically visiting each organization and asking if there is an opening may lead to positive results.
The country’s tourism sector is not very highly developed and majority of the tourists are locals. This means that not only are jobs scarce but with few foreigners there is the issue of language. English is not spoken too widely.
For the very determined traveller looking for an adventure the best option is to opt for unpaid work or one offering a small stipend. This is available in every field imaginable. Fortunately Armenia is a fairly cheap country to live in and it has the world’s lowest cost of communication. Hence, one can get by.