Modern education began in Nepal after 1951 when autocratic rule was replaced with a democratic system. A great expansion of educational facilities has taken place since then. There are a number of good medical and engineering colleges in the country which admit local students on the basis of entrance examinations. Foreign students too are allowed admission provided they fulfil the entrance criteria. Admission to engineering colleges requires the potential candidates to pass a minimum of Intermediate in Science or hold a diploma in engineering, while medical college admission requires candidates to pass higher secondary examination in science or its equivalent.
Another study option in Nepal is language. A number of language schools offer introductory leading up to intensive courses in Nepali, Newari or Tibetan languages. Many schools also offer individual tuition at reasonable rates. For greater linguistic and cultural immersion it is possible to stay with local families.
Spiritual studies are also becoming increasingly popular especially in the Kathmandu Valley. There is a choice between, yoga, Buddhism, and meditation. Serious meditation courses require participants to rise at four each morning, not take part in conversations or make eye contact over the ten day course period. Also there is no eating after midday. There are no fixed fees attached to many such courses, donations are however accepted.
There are many work study program options available to interested candidates. Some such programs include teaching placements at various institutes, placements for doctors at high altitude aid posts. A number of American universities also run study programs in Nepal. A Swiss operated centre offers courses in cookery along with lectures on social welfare and Ayurvedic medicine.
Lessons in how to play traditional musical instruments are another study option in Nepal. You can learn to play the sarangi, an instrument with four strings that are manipulated with a bow to create music. Teachers for other instruments like madal (drum), basuri (flute) and arbaj are can also be retained.