Nicaragua is Central America's largest country, bordering Honduras to the north and Costa Rica to the south. Decades of economic difficulties, political instability and the 9 year Contra War in the 1980s have cause many travelers to be weary of visiting the country.
The lingering negative perceptions have preserved Nicaragua from mass tourism and development, but all that is changing is changing now. After 25 years of peace, this land of lakes and volcanoes is now acclaimed by many to be "the next Costa Rica" due to its rich natural resources, undeveloped coastline and low prices on everything from beers and ceviche to health care and real estate. Even Lonely Planet named Nicaragua as #4 in the top 15 travel destinations around the world to visit in 2015.
The climate is tropical. It’s always warm in Nicaragua. The seasons simply vary between rainy and dry. The rainy season runs from mid-May to mid-November. The heaviest rains reliably come in October. The wet season is referred to as invierno (winter) or "green season”. The driest months are December to April when there is little or no rain. The dry season is known as verano (summer).
Popular Cities at a Glance:
Managua - Managua is the capital city of Nicaragua. The city has been witness to the rise and fall of political powers throughout Nicaragua's history and suffered a devastating earthquake in 1972, from which it still has not completely recovered. The main international airport in Nicaragua is located in Managua. Population 1M.
Granada - Granada is one of the first cities founded by Spain in the New World in 1524 and is Central America's oldest Colonial city. Its well preserved colonial architecture is attracting foreign real estate investors. Granada is located along the banks of Lake Nicaragua (or Cocibolca), the largest fresh water lake in Central America and 19th in the world. The lake contains 365 islands that were formed from an eruption of nearby Mombacho volcano. Population 120,000.
San Juan del Sur - San Juan del Sur is located approximately 90 miles from Nicaragua's capital city Managua and the international airport. It’s one of Nicaragua’s most desired beach towns and tourist destinations due to its vibrant surfing scene, growing number of recreational opportunities and seafood restaurants on the sand. San Juan del Sur is becoming the leading destination for vacationers and real estate investors. Population 19,000.
Cost of living & sample monthly costs for a couple to live in San Juan del Sur, Nicaragua
- Water and Electricity – $200 (depending on a/c)
- Propane gas (tank for cooking) – $20
- Telephone – $20
- High speed Internet and cable – $50
- Cook/maid full-time – $150
- Groceries – $200
- Entertainment – $150
- Gym membership – $30
- Health plan at Vivian Pellas hospital – Between $11 – $28 for silver and $25 – $61 for gold plan
- The capital city is Managua.
- The official language is Spanish.
- The official currency is the Nicaraguan córdoba.
- Baseball is Nicaragua’s most popular sport.
- International dialing code: +505
- Nicaragua’s time zone is UTC (GMT)
- Electricity is supplied at 110 volts in Nicaragua. Plugs are the same as in the US, having two flat pins.
It is our understanding that Nicaragua does not currently have working holiday agreements in place with any other country. However other types of visas are available.
Studying in Nicaragua
There are over 50 universities and institutions offering higher education technical training in Nicaragua, accredited by the National Council of Universities in Nicaragua. However it’s the Spanish schools that attract most foreigners to Nicaragua. There are several great Spanish schools in Granada and San Juan del Sur, many offering live-in lodging options with local residents.
Working in Nicaragua
Finding employment in Nicaragua is difficult. And strict labor laws are in place to protect the jobs of local residents. If you’re an expat looking to move to Nicaragua, we suggest you go with the mindset of creating a new business and providing jobs for local people, rather than seeking employment.
You need to apply for temporary residency to have permission to work in Nicaragua, but you do not necessarily need to have a residency or work visa to start a business. You also don’t have to be a Nicaraguan resident to own shares in a Nicaraguan Corporation.
Volunteering in Nicaragua
Nicaragua has the highest poverty rate in Central America. Studies show that 47 percent of Nicaragua’s 5.7 million people survive on less than 2 dollars a day. For decades now Peace Corp volunteers, church missionaries and a wide variety of NGO's have made valuable contributions to Nicaragua and its residents.
Despite the poverty level, Nicaragua is quickly transitioning into one of Central America’s most popular vacation destinations. In an effort to bridge the gap, we strongly encourage volunteering or donating to one of the many worthy non-profit organizations seeking to alleviate poverty and provide opportunities for education in Nicaragua. In fact, here are 8 reasons why you should volunteer in Nicaragua.
You will be required to purchase a Tourist Visa at the airport upon arrival. The immigration entry gate in the airport will put a white slip into your passport when you arrive. You need to keep this until you exit the country. The Tourist Visa is $10 USD per person. You should bring exact change. The Tourist Visa is valid for 90 days in Nicaragua. There is no exit fee.
For a list of countries that require visas, head to this website - http://www.cancilleria.gob.ni/ongjunio07/htmldocs/visado.html
Before you go
Here's a suggested packing list before you go to Nicaragua.
- Some US cash in small-denomination bills (at least $10 for Visa entry)
- Comfortable walking shoes.
- Flip flops
- At least one lightweight, long-sleeved top and pants, for sun and insect bite
- A rain jacket if you travel during rainy season
- Lip balm with SPF
- Ear plugs to help you sleep among noisy neighbors
- Insect repellent
- Any prescription medication
- Flashlight or a head lamp
- First-aid kit
- Waterproof bag to protect electronics
- Rash guard if you plan to surf
You’ll also want to take note of a few key emergency contact numbers in your city. Below are the ones for San Juan del Sur.
Centro de Salud (Medical care) on duty 24 hours. 2568 2320
Fire Department on duty 24 hours. Cell: 8740 5340, 8993 4797 & Office: 2568 2529
Police Department on duty 24 hours. Cell: 8999 6906 & Office: 2568 2382
For a serious medical emergency, you should go directly to the Vivian Pellas private hospital in Managua. It is located in Managua. Km. 93/4 Carretera a Masaya, 250 mts to the West, Managua
Tel: 2255 6900
The culture of Nicaragua is Latin based. The majority of Nicaraguans are Catholic and life revolves around the family, typically with multiple generations living in the same household. Raising the family and subsistence farming or fishing is a way of life for many. Consumerism is out of place in this region of the world.
If Nicaragua has been on your radar for a while, it was probably the year round sunshine and beautiful beaches that inspired you to make the move. But real life down here isn’t always a holiday. Mistaking permanent vacation for relocation is a mistake if you’re planning to call Nicaragua home. Here are a few tips to get you started on your new life in Nicaragua.
For starters, you should commit to learning to the Spanish language. While it is possible to get by with a few passing phrases when you’re staying in hotels with English speaking receptionists and bartenders, an active expat life in Nicaragua requires communication in Spanish. You’ll also need to speak the language to make friends with locals. There are plenty of great Spanish schools to choose from. Volunteering is also a great way to learn.
To fit in, you’ll need to understand the “mañana mentality”. Mañana means tomorrow in Spanish and more often than not, things that you want to get done today, will not get done until “mañana”. Time slows down here. It’s best practice not to fight it. But that doesn’t mean that you have to let down your own sense of productivity. One of the gifts of living in a foreign country is that there’s always something new to learn on any given day, so be patient with it.
Getting connected to the expat social scene in Nicaragua is critical for long term survival. There’s so much to learn from the experiences of others. And expats living abroad know the importance of helping one another, whether it be in cross promoting tourism related businesses or just helping each other out of a jam.
Reading the local newspapers is an important way to connect with the local residents. If you’re going to live in their country, you need to understand the current events impacting their daily lives and yours. Google translate has gotten so good that you can you can easily and instantly translate any of the local online publications to get your daily news feed.
Preparing to leave
I don’t know how to advise here because I’ve never left.
Nicaragua Dispatch - English newspaper in Nicaragua to stay up to date on events and happenings across the country
Guidebook to San Juan del Sur written by expats who live there -
The leading resource on San Juan del Sur for owner direct listings for vacation rentals and real estate, as well as relocation information for expats.
The Nica Sagas, Granada based Nicaragua guide written by expats in Granada