The island of Taiwan lies off the south eastern coast of the Asian continent, on the west edge of the Pacific Ocean. Towards its north is Japan and to the south Philippines. The movement of tectonic plates on which it lies have given rise to grandiose peaks and hills, magnificent coastlines and a temperate, tropical climate on the island. It is endowed with an abundance of wildlife, 20% of which belong to the endangered and rare species list. The government has protected these natural resources by establishing 13 scenic areas that conserve the environment, ecology and cultural sites, in addition to the 7 national parks.
Majority of the population is Chinese who either born on the mainland or are decedents of people born there. Roughly 2% of the population consists of Aborigines. Traditional values of the Taiwanese people are based on Confucian ethics; ancestor worship, emphasis on education, strong work ethics and respect of parents are still very much a part of everyday life.
Taiwan is considered one of the Asia’s tigers with its booming economy. It is major exporter of high-tech products and other electronics. Most Taiwanese reside in modern apartments and wear western clothes. Traditional wear is only used on special occasions Industrializations has brought a higher social status and freedom for women. The younger generation of Taiwanese professionals enjoy visiting restaurants, discos and frequenting bars.
Capital and largest city: Taipei,
Government: Multiparty democracy
Currency: New Taiwan Dollar (NT$) = 100 cents
Country code: +886, International Access code 002
Area: 36,000 square kilometre
Other large cities: Kaohsiung, Tai Chung, Tainan, Keelung