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Sweden sits squeezed between Finland and Norway in northern Europe bordering the Baltic Sea, Kagerrak and Kattegat. It shares the Gulf of Bothnia with Norway and ranges of mountains separate it from Norway. The northern area is mainly covered with forests and the further north you go the denser the forests. The southern portion of the country is mainly agricultural and houses most of the population. The country is also home to approximately 17,000 Sami people, the indigenous and northernmost people of Scandinavia. The community is best known for earning its living from reindeer herding.

Sweden is one of the most progressive countries in the world. Swedish industrialists and educationists have developed a good number of the extremely successful inventions like the pacemaker, Tetra Pak, Bluetooth, Skype, the computer mouse, dialysis machine and ball bearings. Sweden has an exceptional and long academic history as proven by the globally recognized Nobel Prize.  

Sweden is a country of peace and one that strives for neutral and fair practices. This is why many Swedish politicians are often found mediating in conflicts around the globe. It is also welcoming to asylum seekers, as proven by its large immigrant population, making up roughly 10% of its total population.

Fast Facts

Capital: Stockholm (also the largest city)

Government: constitutional monarchy & a parliamentary system of Government

Official Language: Swedish; many Swedes speak English

Currency: Swedish Krona

Dialling Code: +46

Climate: Temperate in south with cold, cloudy winters and cool, partly cloudy summers; subarctic in north.

Area: 450,295 km² (173,859 sq. mi.)

Major religion: Christianity


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