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Senegal is the westernmost point in West Africa and measures 191,999 square kilometres, about half the size of Sweden. Senegal is known for its vibrance in the markets, nightlife and is known for its storytellers Groits. Senegal’s capital is Dakar the end of the famous Paris Dakar rally. The population approximately 13 million. Senegal borders Gambia, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Mauritania and Mali.

Senegal: Climate and Landscape

Senegal has mainly tropical climate and as such, it is hot and humid. The rainy season runs from May to November while the dry season runs from December to April. The dry season is dominated by hot wind, harmattan winds that carry lots of sand. It’s best to visit during the dry season. The terrain is mainly plains with many marshes owing to the river estuaries.

Places to Visit in Senegal

Other than Dakar, Goree Island located of the capital’s coast is a major tourist attraction. Historically, the island served as a major centre for slave trade. On the island, visitors can get to see where slaves were housed among other museums. In the South, visitors can get to take boat rides viewing pelicans and flamingos in the Sine-Saloum delta.

Senegal: People and Language

The official language of Senegal is French. In addition to French, popular indigenous languages in use include Wolof, Pullar, Diola, Jola and Mandinka.

Other Facts from Senegal

Senegal’s capital Dakar has deep natural harbour making one of the major port cities in West Africa. In addition to that, the capital extremely enticing with colourful markets and many reverberating nightclubs. It is said though it takes a bit getting used to, once you get the hang of it you will feel right at home. After independence, the country attempted a brief union with Gambia named Senegambia, 1982-1989. The main industries in Senegal include petroleum refining, fish processing, phosphate mining, fertilizer production and agriculture.


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