Sao Tome and Principe is Africa’s smallest state located on the Gulf of guinea about 15o miles from West Africa along the Atlantic Ocean. The tiny volcanic islands in the ocean also include Pedro Tinhosas and Rolas. The total area covered by the islands is 1001 square kilometres and its capital and largest city is Sao Tome. The population is estimated to be 200,000. The name Sao Tome is Portuguese for “Saint Thomas”.
Sao Tome and Principe: Climate and Landscape
The terrain on many of the islands is mountainous covered by dense mountainous jungle. The dry season runs from June to September while the wet season runs from October to May.
Places to Visit in Sao Tome and Principe
As with any island Sao Tome and Principe’s main attraction is the beaches and marine life. Some of the places to visit include Obo Natural Park, Sao Sebastino Museum, Boca de Inferno, Pico Cao Grande, Lagoa Azul and ilheu das Rolas. The beaches are always tranquil and are perfect for alone time.
Sao Tome and Principe: People and Language
Sao Tome and Principe’s official language is Portuguese and there are a number of ethnicities including mixed descent African-Europeans, mixed descent African and Europeans mainly of Portuguese origin.
Other Facts from Sao Tome and Principe
Sao Tome is the largest island and 90% of the population reside there. Sao Tome and Principe has a very high literacy rate estimated to be 85%. Due to the low population and arable land, unemployment is extremely low in the country. Among the industries in the country, include light processing, beer, soap, fish processing and timber. The country exports cocoa, copra, coffee and palm oil. Cocoa exports contribute as much 80% of export earnings. The people of Sao Tome are very friendly and visitors can visit parks at night or even sleep on the beaches. The islands were uninhabited prior to Portuguese occupation in the 15th century. Though relatively poor, the country was expected to begin exploitation of its significant amounts of offshore oil reserves in 2007-2008.