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Based on land, Russia is the largest country on the planet, taking up 11.5% of the land mass. Vast areas of north and east are sparingly populated due to inhospitable harsh weather conditions. Roughly 80% of the population prefers to live in European section of Russia in cities and towns.

The country is bordered by the Baltic Sea on its west coast and the Pacific Ocean on the east. The northern coast stretches to the Arctic Ocean and to the south are the Black Sea and the Caucasus. It extends across nine time zones and shares land borders with fourteen countries.

The key to Russia’s power is it’s over abundance of natural resources like oil, gas, and mineral deposits. It is also endowed with large quantities of wood, numerous lakes, and approximately 25% of the world’s sweet water supply.

Being such a huge country, it has a large variety of land terrain. The Central European portion is flat with rolling country with Moscow at its heart. This area supports most of the industry. The north and north-western European section have marshy plains, lakes, hills and plateaus which are rich in coal, oil, bauxite, and lumber. The Volga region along the biggest river of European Russia is known for hydroelectric installations and dams. Industry relating to chemicals, textiles, and farm machinery along with numerous oil and gas fields are located here. The region is also known for its agricultural products. Manganese, aluminium and ore deposits are mined in the Ural area. While the Siberian region is used to raise livestock, produce agricultural products and is the source of Russia’s gold and diamonds.

Fast Facts

Full name:  Russian Federation

Capital:  Moscow 

Area:  17 million sq km (6.6 million sq miles) 

Government:  Constitutional federation

Official language: Russian

Religions:  Christianity, Islam

Monetary unit:  Ruble

Dialing code:  +7 

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