The Pitcairn Islands are a group of 4 volcanic islands situated in the South Pacific Ocean. The four islands: Pitcairn, Ducie, Oeno, and Henderson, represent an overseas territory belonging to the UK. 48 people live on the islands and are considered to be direct descendants of the Bounty mutineers and of the Tahitians accompanying them. Because of its small number of residents, Pitcairn is considered to be the least populous jurisdiction. Although a British overseas territory, Pitcairn Islands are entitles to some degree of local governance. The head of state, Queen Elizabeth is represented by a local governor.
The region experiences a mild tropical climate, with little variation in temperature throughout the year. There are several species of plants and animals endemic to the region and all of the four islands were named Important Bird Areas by BirdLife International.
Fishing and agriculture are quite developed in the region, but the bulk of the territory’s economy is sustained by the sale of coins, stamps, .pn internet domains, and handmade crafts. Tourism is a steadily growing industry that further boosts local economy. However, the lack of a harbour or landing strip somewhat impedes the further growth of this industry. The local currency is the New Zealand dollar (NZD).
The only official language in the Pitcairn Islands is English. However, most of the population also speaks Pitkern, a recognised regional language. Pitkern, which is a Creole language, is taught in the region’s only school, alongside English.