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Sitting on the roof of the world, in the western part of the Scandinavian Peninsula, lays the northern most country in the world, Norway. It shares a long land border with Sweden on the east, a short border with Finland on northeast and a very short border with Russia in the far northeast.  A mountainous country, Norway is overshadowed by the Scandinavian Mountains and a very indented coastline. There are roughly 50,000 islands off its coastline.

Known as the “land of the Midnight Sun”, Norway is very picturesque with it dramatic fjords and glaciers. It’s endlessly long summer days, pristine waters lined with small fishing villages and historic sites with Viking ships surprise most visitors. Unlike the frozen barren land most people expect it to be, the south of Norway is rather temperate, with farmlands, captivating forests and beaches. The northern portion of Norway delivers what most people expect, devoid of any significant population, littered with soaring peaks, and barren peninsulas. Those daring enough to venture out here can see seals, polar bears, and walruses basking in the sun.

A little more than a quarter of Norway is covered with forests. The deciduous forests contain oak, hazel, birch, maple and elm trees. Conifers are found mostly towards the east. Blueberries, cranberries and cloudberries grow wild in the area. The northern areas are for the most part tundra with polar foxes, wolves, reindeer, and polar hare common in the mountain regions. There is also a large variety of fresh and salt water fish species.

Fast Facts:

Capital City:  Oslo (Oslo)

Major Cities(s):   Oslo, Bergen, Trondheim, Stavanger, Kristiansand, Drammen, Tromsoe, Skien, Bodoe, Moss

Major Religion(s):  Evangelical Lutheran (state church), other Protestant and Roman Catholic.

Language:  Norwegian

Area:  323,758 sq. km. (125,004 sq. mi.) 

Government:  Constitutional monarchy


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