Liberia lies along the Atlantic in West Africa and is almost the same size as Tennessee. The country shares borders with Sierra Leone, Guinea and Cote d’Ivoire (Ivory Coast). The capital is Monrovia and is home to almost 900,000 people. Liberia’s population is about 4 million.
Liberian Climate and Landscape
Much of Liberia is plateau that is mostly covered with dense tropical forest. The country receives abundant annual rainfall that supports the forest, approximately 16 in. The coastline has many lagoons, river deposited sand bars and mangrove swamps. Temperatures are typically hot and humid all years round. During the winters, the days are hot and nights can be cool to cold. In summer, weather is often wet and cloudy with frequent heavy rainfall.
Liberian Wildlife and sites to Visit
Liberia is a beautiful country with diverse flora and fauna. Among the unique animals visitors can get to see while in the country include the Liberian Mongoose, Red river hog and the pygmy hippopotamus. Liberia also has a number of bird species the specialties being the Black collared lovebird, blue-headed wood dove, white breasted guinea fowl and the white necked rock fowl. The Sapo National park is one of the popular venues in Liberia for viewing both game and birds.
Liberian People and Languages
The official Liberian language is English and is spoken by almost 20% of the population. In addition to English, there are almost 20 indigenous languages spoken in the country. The largest ethnic group is known as Kpelle (20.3%); other groups include Bassa, Grebo, Gio, Mano, Kru, Lorma, Kissi, Gola and others (20%).
Other Facts from Liberia
The country was established following American efforts to settle freed slaves in West Africa around 1822. During a period of almost 40 years, 12,000 slaves were relocated to the nation then known as Monrovia. Though the descendants of these liberated slaves constitute just 5% of the population, they have dominated the intellectual and ruling class in Liberia. Despite suffering from civil conflict, the literacy rate remains reasonably high at approximately 60%. The country’s major industries include rubber and palm oil processing, timber and diamonds.