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Located in the Middle East and lying at the intersection of three continents is Israel. Israel shares borders with Lebanon, Syria, Jordan and Egypt. Despite the fact that a majority of its population was at one point forced into exile, Israel’s history dates back some 35 centuries.

The country is approximately 290 miles (470 km) long and 85 miles (135 km) at its maximum width. In spite of being small in size, it has an abundant variety of plant life, and topography of a whole continent. There are roughly 2,380 kinds of flora, with many varieties only found in Israel.

Israel has a very resilient economy and the country is one of the most economically developed. With the exception of Silicon Valley, Israel has the most concentration of technical companies found in the world. It also has more museums than most other countries of the world.

Israel is a diversified country and each of its cities prove that. Tel Aviv is a liberal city as well as the cultural and economic center. Jerusalem is the hub of three major religions of the world, a holy city. Nazareth is another city of faith with long history and captivating archeological sites. Eilat is a resort city situated on the Red Sea.

Being a subtropical region, Israel has two basic seasons. The summers are hot and dry, and the winters tend to be cold and a bit wet. Of course factors such as altitude and how far you are from the sea tend to influence the severity.

Fast Facts:

Capital: Jerusalem

Area: Approximately 21,596 sq km (8338 sq. mi.)

Currency: Israeli new shekel

Official Languages: Hebrew & Arabic

Government: Democracy, Parliamentary system

Religions: Judaism with 76.4%, Islam and Christianity


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