Guinea is a West African country slightly smaller than Oregon. The country shares borders with Guinea Bissau, Cote d’Ivoire, Liberia, Mali and Sierra Leone. The capital city is Conakry and the country’s population is estimated to be just over 11 million.
Guinea: Climate and Landscape
The country consists of varying features including a coastal plain, savannah, mountainous region and forests. The climate along the coast and inland is mainly tropical. There is a long rainy season running from April to November. The temperatures in Guinea fall in a reasonable range from a high of 29 degrees Celsius to lows of 23 degrees Celsius.
Sights and Sounds of Guinea
The country has lush rain forest and an abundance of wildlife. Tourists can get to visit Fouta Djalon’s scenic forests and valleys suitable for hiking or explore the Loos Islands a popular getaway for expats. For game lovers they can visit the Niokolo Badiar national park.
Guinea: People and Languages
The official language of Guinea is French though Mandinka, Pula and Susu are also widely spoken. The country has over twenty ethnic groups including the Fula (43%), Mandinka (35%), and Susu (20%). There are also a number of smaller ethnic communities including Kpelle, Kissi, Zialo, and Toma among others.
Other Facts from Guinea
Guinea enjoyed along prosperous spell under the former President Sekou Toure, during which the country benefitted immensely from exploitation of bauxite deposits. Following Toure’s death, a military coup in 1984 ushered in a dictatorial regime that only ended after democratic elections in 2010. Recently, Guinea’s fragile economy has repeatedly taken blows as fighting in neighbouring Sierra Leone and Liberia spilled over its borders. The country has very low literacy rate estimated to be blow 40%.