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Officially The Hellenic Republic, Greece is better known for being the “cradle of Western civilization” largely due to its contributions to democracy, philosophy, literature and drama. The largest portion of the country is located on the extreme southern tip of the Balkan Peninsula but its total region is made up of over 2,000 island scattered in the seas of the Aegean and Ionia. Mainland Greece borders Albania, Macedonia, Turkey and Bulgaria.

Witness to humanity’s 70,000 years of history, the Hellenic Republic is also a modern society with a booming economy. Combining an ancient culture with a varied geography, Greece offers an almost unlimited variety of activities for its visitors. Some points of interest include the Parthenon in Athens, Mount Olympus, the ruins at Mystras in addition to idyllic beaches and an energetic nightlife. Travel between various points of interest can easily be accessed from conveniently located town centres.

The Greek Orthodox Church is the main religious body of the country with Muslims being the largest minority. There is also a significant Catholic population concentrated on some of the islands in Aegean and Ionian Seas. The once lively Jewish community just about disappeared in World War II.

Agriculture, shipping, and tourism make up the main economic Greek sectors. Its cuisine is mostly mutton based, followed by dishes prepared with fish. Olive oil is a major agriculture product that adds a distinctive flavour to Greek food.

Fast Facts:

Capital:   Athens

Government:   Constitutional republic, Parliamentary system

Total area:   131 957 km²

Official language:   Greek Language. Many Greeks also speak English.

Currency:    Euro

Climate:    Typically Mediterranean. Summers are warm & dry summers and winters mildly cold.

Dialing code:   30


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