Ghana, previously known as the Gold Coast, is located on the western protrusion of the African continent and boarders the Gulf of Guinea to the south, Togo to its east, La Cote d’Ivoire to west and Burkina Faso to the north. It was the first African colony to gain independence from Great Britain in 1957. The terrain of Ghana is fairly flat and for the most lies lower than the altitude of 150 metres, however there are a number of peaks that rise above 800 metres. The climate of Ghana is tropical with warm to hot weather all year supplemented with seasonal rains.
The democracy of Ghana is considered to be one of the most thriving on the continent. It is also given the name of “island of peace” in an area that is thought to be one of the most tumultuous on the planet. Most of the major urban centres are situated around the cities of Kumasi, Tamale, Tema, Takoradi and Cape coast. Roughly ten per cent of the country’s population is found residing in and the surrounding areas of the capital city of Accra. The languages in Ghana are diverse, with more than seventy major dialects spoken throughout the country. The most commonly used language is Twi, which is spoken by almost half the population.
Ghana’s economy is well endowed with natural resources. Regardless of the fact that Ghana has about twice as much per capita output as the poorest countries in West Africa, it relies heavily on international financial help and technical aid. The major sources of foreign include gold, cocoa production and remittances by individuals. The local economy revolves around agriculture which employs about the 55% of the work force, and accounts for 35% of the GDP. A new oil discovery in the Gulf of Guinea has the potential to make Ghana an oil producer and exporter in the coming years.
While Ghana does not own any outstanding landmarks like the Eiffel Tower in Paris, it does offer its tourists beauty and intrigue. The main attractions of Ghana include its palm-lined beaches, warm hospitality, and culture, food, festivals and customs that are as varied as the regions of this country.
Official Name: Republic of Ghana
Government Type: Constitutional Democracy
Languages: English (Official), local: Akan, Ewe, Ga, Dagbani, Nzema and Hausa
Religion: Mostly Christian, Moslem and Traditional religions also exist.
Currency: Ghanaian Cedi (GHS)
Land Area: 238,837 sq. km (92,100 sq. miles)