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Finland is a Nordic country in North Europe. It shares borders with Sweden, Norway, Russia and a coast line with the Gulf of Finland and the Botnic Sea. Roughly 33 percent of the country lies north of the Arctic Circle, which is why more than 70% its population is found in the cities towards the south.

Over 70% of the country is covered with forests and only 8% can be used for agriculture purposes. It is home to over 60,000 lakes with more than 20,000 islands along its coast. The farthest northern part of the country is where tundra and the highlands of Lapland are located. This is where almost all of the Sami people found in Finland live. They still herd deer for a living.

Finland’s capital city is also its cultural and commercial centre. The city is a pleasant mixture of architecture from the 19th century with a modern skyline that is very inviting. Rock Church is its must see site, due to the fact that it is entirely chiselled out of pure rock. There are also several museums to enjoy. Turku is the oldest city, and the former capital of Finland. Located further north, its chief allure is the Turku castle and the Turku Cathedral. A town dating back to the 15th century, Rauma is a new addition to the UNESCO world heritage list. The wooden town is nicely preserved and well worth a visit.

Fast Facts:

Name:  Republic of Finland

Area: 337,030 sq km

Capital City: Helsinki

Government:  Republic

Ethnicity: Finn, Swede, Russian, Estonian

Currency: Euro

Official Languages: Finnish, Swedish

Religion: Lutheran Church of Finland, Orthodox church


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