Ethiopia is the second most populous country in Africa in is located in East Central Africa. The country’s population is in the range of 80+ million people. Her neighbours include Kenya, Sudan, Eritrea, Djibouti and Somali. The capital city is Addis Ababa and is home to an estimated 2.8 million people.
The Great Rift Valley runs through Ethiopia and splits the country diagonally. The highlands on the West are most populated and receive moderate rainfall whereas the lowlands and the hills east of the valley are hot and dry. The capital city, Addis Ababa, is the highest African capital and is 2400 metres above sea level.
Ethiopian Landscape and Wildlife
The Ethiopian landscape is typically hilly. Just as is the case in much of Africa Ethiopia has a lot to offer its visitors in terms of wildlife. In Ethiopia, the lakes that dot the bottom of the Great Rift Valley across Africa are typically major attractions for water birds. In addition to that, Ethiopian wildlife parks are home to rare species such as the rarest African bird the Prince Ruspoli Turaco. The parks also have a number of gazelles, kudu and zebra species as well as elephants.
Ethiopia’s People and Language’s
In Ethiopia English is widely spoken though the official national language is Amharic. Other languages spoken in Ethiopia include Somali, Tigrigna, Orominga and Arabic.
Other Facts from Ethiopia
Ethiopia is the source of the Blue Nile, one of the major tributaries of the Nile. Historically the Ethiopian monarchy was very powerful and successfully repelled efforts by foreign superpowers to colonize the nation. This rich and powerful old civilization is evident in the fact that there is an Ethiopian calendar. Coffee is believed to have originated in Ethiopia and the country continues to be among the leading coffee producers worldwide. The country also has a lot of religious significance as its name appears almost 40 times in the bible and severally in the Koran. Because of this, the country has many sacred sites and important historic religious relics. An example being the Garima Gospels, the oldest illustrated Christian book. Ethiopians are recognised world over for their great prowess in middle and long distance running.