Djibouti is located in the North East Africa along the Gulf of Aden. The country is reported to be approximately the size of Massachusetts and shares borders with Ethiopia, Eritrea and Somali. The capital city is known as Djibouti and the country’s population is in the range of 780,000.
Djibouti: Climate and Landscape
Djibouti’s terrain mainly consists of a stony desert with scattered plateaus and highlands. The country has very little annual rainfall and agriculture is limited to fruits and vegetables.
Sights and Sounds of Djibouti
Djibouti is a small country but has a lot to offer visitors. The city with a distinct Arabian theme has a lively and entertaining market as well as many restaurants offering varied cuisine. In Djibouti, one can sample French, Chinese, Vietnamese, Arab and other local specialities at the many restaurants in the city. The country also has some interesting geological traits that may interest visitors. For example, Lake Assal that is the country’s lowest point is also the lowest point in Africa. In addition to that, the country is located in the Affar triangle, one of the hottest and most isolated places on earth.
Djibouti: People and Languages
The country’s official languages are French and Arabic. In addition to these Somali and Affar are also spoken. Of the entire population, the Issa (Somali ethnic group) comprises 60%, the Affar (Ethiopian ethnic group) 35% and 5% others including Arabs, French, Ethiopian and Italian.
Other Facts from Djibouti
The country is mainly Islamic and the Affar and Somali hailing from Djibouti were the first Africans to embrace Islam. The country relies heavily on foreign aid due to the scant amount of natural resources. Nevertheless, Djibouti is very strategically located on the horn of Africa as it lies close to Arabian oil fields and a major shipping lane. The country has the only sub Saharan US Military base and is a major anti terrorism campaigner. Almost two thirds of the population live in the capital while the rest are nomadic herders. Unemployment is a major issue in Djibouti and estimates indicate the rate may be as high as 30%. The country main sources of income include fees charged for handling Ethiopian imports and revenue from the French military base.