Chad is a landlocked nation in the north of central Africa. The country is mainly arid in the centre and has some desert towards the north. The lowlands are fertile and are located in the south. The capital city, Ndjamena is also the largest city in the country. The country’s population is approximately 10 million. Chad’s neighbours include Cameroon, Libya, Sudan, Niger and Nigeria.
Chad Climate and Wildlife
The country main natural attraction is Lake Chad, also considered one of the most beautiful wonders of the world. The Lake was once one of the largest in the world spanning part of four countries. Between the early 60’s and late 90’s the lake lost much of its water. The lake is shallow with an average depth of 5 feet. The best time to visit is from August to December. The Zakouma National park is also a major attraction with antelopes, elephant, giraffe and lions. The park was repopulated after years of conflict saw much of its game slaughtered. Other interesting things in Chad include boat trips from Douguia along the Chari River, and the capital city N’Djamena.
Chad People and Language
The official languages in Chad are French and Arabic. However, there are several indigenous groups such as Sango, Sara, Arabs, Mayo-Kebbi, Gorane, Hadjarai, Tandjile, and Fitri-Batha among others.
Other Facts about Chad
Like some African countries, Chad has suffered from military conflict between the Christian south and the Islamic north. The capital city is located in the southern region and is the economic centre of the country. Islam is the most popular religion in Chad followed by Christianity. The country is considered poor and over 80% of the populations live under the poverty line. The country exports cattle, gum Arabic, cotton and oil. The national literacy rate is low and is in the range of 35%.