Cape Verde is a collection of islands (archipelago) in the Atlantic Ocean almost 500 km off the coast of Senegal. There are ten volcanic Islands and five islets divided into two groups, Barlavento in the north and Sotavento in the south. The islands are mostly mountainous and scared by erosion and there is one remaining active volcano named Fogo. The capital and largest city in Cape Verde is Praia. The country’s population is just over 500,000.
Cape Verde climate and wildlife
Visitors to Cape Verde can enjoy relaxing on the many chalk white sandy beaches in Sal and Boa Vista. Cape Verde’s location in the Ocean makes it a perfect place for surfing and visitors can learn the sport during their stay. The island is one of the largest turtle-nesting sites in the world and visitors can enjoy nightime excursions watching the turtles nest. The island is also home to a number of game fish such as the marlin. With its vibrant tourism industry, the island has a very exciting nightlife.
Cape Verde people and Language
The population of Cape Verde consists of Creole, Africans and Europeans. The Creole constitutes 71% of the entire population. The official languages in the country are Portuguese and Criuolo.
Other Facts from Cape Verde
The islands were mostly uninhabited prior to their discovery by the Portuguese in 1456. The Portuguese would bring African slaves to work on plantations on the remote islands. For this reason, the majority of current inhabitants are of mixed Portuguese and African ancestry. The island’s prominence arose as it lay along a major trade route during the years of slave trade. Half the population live on the island of Santiago.