Armenia is a landlocked country found in the Southern Caucasus. It borders Turkey, Georgia, Azerbaijan and Iran. Once a Soviet republic, it now presents itself as a democratic state. Due to its location at the junction of Asia and Europe, visitors to the country get a glimpse of both. Its monasteries, galleries and temples provide visitors ample opportunities to explore both cultures.
Geographically the country sits in what is called Aral Caspian Lowland. It is a land of robust mountains and long dead volcanoes. It has grassy plateaus and sandy deserts with three main mountain ranges passing through it; the Caucasus Mountains to the north of the country, Vardenis Range in central part and Zangezur Range in southeast. Forest area in the country is fairly limited but there are a number of rivers. The Aras River Valley is particularly valued for its rich fertile soil. The country is known to experience deadly earthquakes. The most recent one struck in 1988 with an epicentre near the city of Kumayri, and claimed more than 25,000 lives.
Armenia’s weather varies from subtropical near the base of mountainous regions and alpine-like further up. The average summer temperature is 25°c (77°f) and the winter averages at 0°c (32°f). Rainfall is sporadic with the capital city getting 33 cm (13 in) annually. Mountains receive a little more..
Total area: 11,506 sq mi (29,800 sq km)
Other Cities: Vanadzor, Gyumri (Leninakan), Abovian
Monetary Unit: Dram
Languages: Armenian, Yezidi & Russian