The Islamic Republic of Afghanistan is a nation situated in South Central Asia. Afghanistan is home to nearly 30 million people and its capital is Kabul, which also doubles as its largest cities. Other large cities include, in order: Kandahar, Herat, and Mazar-i-Sharif. Afghanistan is a presidential republic with a governance comprising 3 branches: legislative, executive, and judicial.
While throughout most of its recent history, Afghanistan has gained the infamous world-wide reputation of being one of the most dangerous places on Earth, the nation is slowly starting to rebuild its war-torn cities, its demolished education system, and its beaten down economy. Although the nation is still one of the least developed countries in the world, the progress made by Afghanistan in the past ten years is undeniable.
Throughout the last ten years, the nation’s economy has been largely sustained by overseas remittances and international aid. The main industry in Afghanistan is agriculture, and its most notable exports include dry fruits, pomegranates, apricots, and melons. The local currency is the Afghani (AFN).
Afghanistan has a desert climate, with extreme differences in temperature and weather from one season to another. Winters are typically colder and rather snowy, while summers tend to be both hot and dry.
There are two official languages in Afghanistan: Pashto and Dani or Persian. Other languages, such as Turkmen, Arabic, Uzbek, or Balochi are also widely-spoken throughout the nation. The national sport in Afghanistan is football (soccer), although cricket has also recently grown in popularity.
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